In the conflicts to control the Atlantic slave trade and the profitable sugar plantations used as extermination camps of the black population, the Dutch West India Company arose, which enlightens the history of Pernambuco until the Portuguese elites of Brazil reconquered the enclave. The Dutch burned Olinda, the capital of New Lusitania. But before that, there was the plundering of Recife and Olinda by English privateers and traders. UNESCO declared the colonial heritage of Olinda a World Heritage Site in 1982. A site of shame. Spanish, Portuguese, English and Dutch all were involved in claiming the land that once belonged to the Tupi-Guarani. But sugar was too sweet a commodity for the colonialists’ pockets to let the profits from the trade go away. The modern history of Northeast Brazil begins here, with extermination camps, mass genocide and imperial powers fighting each other for control of the sugar production that first invaded European aristocratic society and later served as the main source of energy for the impoverished working classes that populated the factories of the industrial revolution that would further impoverish the Global South.
Primitive accumulation began in places like Pernambuco and styles like Frevo mean the creative resistance of the populations in their fight for sovereignty. As it is with Ska, which grew as a combination of Caribbean Mento and Calypso with Afro-American Jazz and New Orleans rhythms. Later, Ska developed into Reggae, another Intangible Culture Heritage named by the neocolonialists of UNESCO. But Reggae and Ska do not need recognition by any elitist international body, since they have become true international rhythms of global south peoples. It could have happened with Frevo too, but the British Empire has always been keener on exporting its colonial goods like it exploited West-Indian workforce to fuel its industrial complex in Great Britain. What they did not see coming was the alliance between emigrants from the colonies and British working-class kids that gave birth to the skinhead subculture against racial prejudice.
The destinies of the peoples of the Global South intersect in rhythms such as Ska and Frevo, which become anthems of true internationalism.
Written By Dj Dr.Sócrates after warmup at Cafe Morgenrot and Gira Dischi with deep dive discussions with Dj GArRinchA at Nemo Café in Berlin.